It is generally thought that the onset of the GOE was a singular event 2 , an assumption rooted in the perceived bistability of atmospheric oxygen 3. However, this inferred bistability in oxygen was challenged through additional modeling 4 , allowing for multiple oscillations in atmospheric oxygen during the onset of the GOE. Geological evidence has also established that this transition was broadly coincident with emplacement of numerous large igneous provinces LIPs 5 on extensive continental landmasses positioned at low latitudes 6 and glaciations interpreted to reflect global Snowball Earth conditions 7. Models linking these events have been hampered, however, by uncertainties in local and global stratigraphic correlations and age constraints 2. Evidence from the Huronian Supergroup on the Superior Craton in Canada, which hosts three Paleoproterozoic glacial intervals, indicates that the GOE is bracketed in age between ca. New observations from the critical Transvaal Supergroup in southern Africa indicate that the GOE may have occurred by ca. By using high-resolution in situ secondary ion mass spectrometry SIMS on microbaddeleyite grains coupled with precise isotope dilution thermal ionization mass spectrometry ID-TIMS and paleomagnetic studies, we resolve these uncertainties by obtaining accurate and precise ages for the volcanic Ongeluk Formation and related intrusions in South Africa. These ages lead to a more coherent global perspective on the timing and tempo of the GOE and associated global glaciations and LIPs.
The thirty-two artists who participated were tasked with creating, in a single day, an 8-page comic based on the work of Petrus Nooi, a sculptor who works in concrete and sells his pieces from his yard next to the road that connects Stellenbosch with the informal settlement of Khayelitsha. Critics, artists, writers, thinkers and academics were invited to bring and share a story, and then to relate it to an image, with the intention of exploring parallel experiences, memories and relationships to places.
He was the recipient of the Spier Contemporary Art Award This mentorship was created in to give a woman photographer a grant and mentor’s guidance to produce a body of work.
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What about the singles, those ready to ask the big question or those celebrating with the kids? Your dinner should be as fitting as your dining companion. The Asian street-food inspired menu has everything from ramen to wok noodles and pot stickers to bao buns. Their private karaoke rooms are also fabulous and frivolous, offering a full bar service at the push of a button.
A dish at Saigon Suzy. Perron Illovo Perron is the go-to spot for fun-seekers in Illovo with its vibey atmosphere, margarita jugs and superb tacos, quesadillas, tostadas and tamales. Their homemade pastas and calamari fritti are sensational, but remember: Pair a creamy herbed mushroom galette with one of their delicious ciders. The Orbit Braamfontein If you like a little soul with your soul food then this is place for you.
Located in the heart of Braamfontein, The Orbit offers a unique dinner experience with incredible live music that changes almost nightly. The menu is simple and hearty. The live music comes at an additional cost per person.
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Castra Batava] Passau II: The Alpine Forelands lie south of the Granite Plateau. Gypsy camp in Burgenland S of Vienna near Hungary. Labor Education Camp] Marianberger Komturia: Overland Town Vienna Bahamas:
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Vryburg is renowned for it’s cattle ranching, often gets referred to as the “Texas of South Africa” and has a long and rich history dating back to History In the wars between the Tlapin tribe and the Korana Hottentots, a large number of European adventurers served as mercenaries with the two sides. At the end of the fighting, in July , of the mercenaries who had fought for the Hottentots received payment in the form of farms.
These mercenaries then proclaimed their block of ranch land a republic and named it Stellaland because of a comet which had been visible while the fighting was in progress. Vryburg, the ‘town of freedom’, was laid out as a capital for the roughneck republic. A flag was designed, postage stamps issued great collectors’ pieces , a goal built and the state was launched. Its life was short.
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Police believed that Xander Bylsma had been dating Hough at some stage, and photos of them together on their social media accounts seemed to confirm this. Originally no foul play was suspected when the two Hoerskool Stella Grade 11 pupils, aged 16 and 17, were found dead at the school’s female hostel on Saturday morning. The hostel matron found their bodies. She alerted the school management and the police were summoned,” said North West police spokesperson Lieutenant Colonel Amanda Funani at the time.
His mother told Netwerk24 at court that the arrest of her only child, who had been good in academics and sport while still at school, had broken her. The lanky teen, with dark curly hair, would be kept in custody until his next appearance on August 6.
The rooms are elegant, comfortable and very well appointed. It features an outdoor swimming pool and a restaurant offering al fresco dining. The hotel has also a pool terrace and a bar. The air-conditioned rooms at Peermont Walmont feature private bathrooms. The hotel has a small pool. It offers a restaurant, jazz bar and Wi-Fi access. Facilities include an outdoor pool, a hour reception, and car rental. It offers an airport shuttle and rooms with air conditioning.
The rooms at the Protea Hotel Diamond Lodge are decorated in warm colours.
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City finder Groot Karoo – Vast plains with Surprising Contrasts Harsh in climate, gentle in lifestyle and breathtaking in beauty, the Groot Karoo is a place of extremes, surprising visitors with its contrasts. Arid plains and lush valleys, wide open spaces and vibrant village clusters, quaint architecture, scorching summers and bitter winters, and the majestic Swartberg mountain range that separates the plateau of the Groot Karoo from the lower Klein Karoo.
Karoo is a Khoisan word that means ‘dry, hard, thirst land’.
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By Staff Reporter News24 On Saturday, the small agricultural town of Stella in the North West was rocked by the news that two teenage girls had been found dead in the hostel of the local high school. The bodies of Sharnelle Hough, 17, and Marna Engelbrecht, 16, were reportedly found hanging on the staircase and in the bathroom. By Sunday, Xander Bylsma, 19, Engelbrecht’s ex-boyfriend, had been arrested for murdering them and had confessed to the police, News24 reported.
Bylsma reportedly made a brief appearance in the Vryburg Magistrate’s Court on Monday. According to News24, no foul play was suspected at first, when the girls’ bodies were discovered. The hostel matron reportedly found Hough’s body hanging from the staircase at the hostel. Engelbrecht’s body was then found hanging in the bathroom. Bylsma, however, was later arrested after a “thorough” police investigation.
Bylsma’s mother, Mercia, told Netwerk24 that her son was “sensitive” and had a “kind heart”. She said he was “not a demon”. The autopsy reports for both girls reportedly confirmed that they were both strangled, The Citizen reported.
R18 million excluding VAT. All game as well as nguni cattle included. Own a piece of paradise. This amazing property must be at the top of the list of beautiful farms in the Eastern Free State Situated between Ficksburg and Fouriesburg in the Witteberg mountain range, only 70km from On this 56 hectare plot, 15 ha are currently being used to grow wheat and Japanese millet, there is a river as well as the beautiful farmhouse that overlooks the breathtaking mountainous landscape.
This farm house, built in , has all the luxuries of a modern home!
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Linda Scarborough Food The cooking of chef Richard Carstens is characterised by bold flavour combinations, often bringing local and Asian-inspired ingredients together, and precise techniques. This year the dishes seem to pop off the plate — innovative, well seasoned and delicious. If you want to snack on some extra sides, try the triple-cooked chips with ponzu and a little dish of tangy homemade ketchup. The sweet ending of caramel-poached pears with honeycomb and lemon ice cream is masterful, with the sweet familiarity of the fruit slivers lifted by the quenelle of surprising, fresh citrus creaminess.
Wines made by Tokara and other local producers make the offering a rich one with opportunity for surprises and spoils. The Tokara Reserve Collection chardonnay and sauvignon blanc go down a treat. Service A friendly welcome at the front desk sets the tone. Sommelier Jaap-Henk Koelewijn is deeply knowledgeable and passionate about the wares on offer, gives wise advice, and has perfected the art of reading what a table needs. Ambience The deck overlooks the curve of the vineyards over the rise to your right and the sprawl of lush farmlands towards the mother city in the distance.
Everything feels cool and effortless. Try to get a sneak into the pristine kitchen on your way past the front desk. September Eat Out reviewers dine anonymously and pay for their meals in full. Click here to read our editorial policy.
Timing and tempo of the Great Oxidation Event
Swellendam 10 caramel-coloured wooden chalets line the Breede River banks, beneath the towering Langeberg Mountains that form the backdrop to one of the smallest nature reserves in South Africa and its smallest national park. Then end the day on the wrap-around chalet deck, watching the sun slip away with a crackling fire and the calls of the African fish-eagle as a backing track. The semi-private chalets are fully equipped for self-catering and each has two single beds and a double sleeper couch chalet number seven has the best river views.
While the views are better from the latter sites, you have to walk a short distance to the amenities and there are no electricity points. Camping from R62 an adult and R31 a child a night base rate:
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Die Wet op Arbeidsverhoudinge 66 van bepaal dat ‘n werkgewer ‘nwerknemer billik mag ontslaan op grond van gedrag, vermoe op bedryfsvereistes. Die werkgewer moet egter ook ‘n billike prosedure voor ontslag volg. Die Kode van Goeie Praktyk: Onbillike Ontslag bylae 8 by die Wet bepaal dat die vraag of ‘n rede vir ontslag billik is of nie, word deur die feite van elke saak asook die gepastheid van ontslag as sanksie beantwoord in besonder item 7 b iv.
Dit is egter nie maklik om te bepaal of ontslag die gepaste sanksie in ‘n bepaalde geval is nie. Hierdie bydrae oorweeg hierdie vraag sonder om na prosedurele billikheid te verwys. In die saak van Edcon Ltd v Pillemer NO Reddy is beklemtoon dat ‘n werkgewer getuienis moet voorle om die bewering dat ontslag in werklikheid die gepaste sanksie was, te ondersteun. Sodanige getuienis kan insluit dat die vertrouensverhouding onherstelbare skade gely het. Die werkgewer moet dus kan aandui dat die werknemer skuldig is aan wangedrag en dat die aard sowel as die impak of uitwerking daarvan sodanig is dat ontslag die gepaste sanksie is.